Towards the turn of the 20th century, Australian Aboriginal art went through a moment of extraordinary experimentation and innovation. Across Australia, Aboriginal artists moved away from traditional figurative imagery towards dynamic and individual abstract styles. This book examines the work of nine artists who were at the forefront of this movement. These artists transformed their traditional practices and lore into dynamic contemporary artworks. Each of these artists is represented in depth, with stunning reproductions and thoughtful analysis by art historians, curators, critics, and anthropologists. These writings and illustrations introduce readers to the ways contemporary Aboriginal artists are forging a distinctive new path, creating some of the finest abstract paintings of our time.